Composition of Engineered Wood Floors & the Different Kinds of Cores
Sure, engineered wood floors are made from a composite of wood layers, or plies, that are bonded together using heat and pressure. The number of plies and the type of wood used can vary, but most engineered wood floors have at least three plies. The top layer, or wear layer, is made from a thin layer of hardwood, such as oak or cherry, that is attached to the core layer. The core layer is typically made from softwood, such as pine or fir, and is designed to provide stability and support to the floor.
There are several types of stability cores available for engineered wood floors, including:
High-density fiberboard (HDF) Core
HDF is a type of engineered wood that is made from wood fibers that are mixed with resin and compressed under high heat and pressure. HDF is known for its durability and resistance to moisture, making it a popular choice for engineered wood floors.
Plywood is another type of engineered wood that is made from layers of wood veneer that are glued together under heat and pressure. Plywood is also known for its durability and resistance to moisture, and it can be a good option for engineered wood floors.
Wood core has a balancing base layer that offers a moisture-resistant and stable support system for the top wear layer. As the standard, multi-ply plywood core is made by the application of adhesive and heat to bond the core and the veneer.
Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) core: MDF is a type of engineered wood that is made from wood fibers that are mixed with resin and compressed under high heat and pressure. MDF is less dense and more flexible than HDF, which makes it a good choice for engineered wood floors that need to be installed over uneven or irregular surfaces.
The type of stability core you choose for your engineered wood floor will depend on your specific needs and preferences. It’s always a good idea to talk to a flooring professional to discuss the different options and determine the best choice for your floor.